150+ Free California Real Estate Practice Exam Questions (August 2022)

California Real Estate Exam

1 / 150

Amendments and addendum are essentially the same thing, correct? Choose the best answer.

2 / 150

In real estate, a deed is best defined as:

3 / 150

The term "Licensee," is commonly used in real estate law. A licensee is just:

4 / 150

A property owner wishes to build a neighborhood grocery store in an area zoned for residential use. Which of the following would MOST likely be used to obtain permission to build the store?

5 / 150

Which of the following best describes a blind offer?

6 / 150

The California Bureau of Real Estate (CalBRE) conducts its business in order to

7 / 150

A double net lease is a rental agreement where:

8 / 150

A buyer and seller entered into a contract, they negotiated the sale of the side lot at the same time as the transfer of the home. What is the second document called?

9 / 150

Which of the following enforces all federal environmental rules and regulations?

10 / 150

What is the best definition listed for the term: “conventional loan?”

11 / 150

Who appoints or selects the California State Real Estate Commissioner?

12 / 150

What is radioactive gas dispersed from natural decay of mineral in earth (odorless, colorless, tasteless)?

13 / 150

What is an item on a property that is installed by the tenant, and is related to the tenant's business classified as?

14 / 150

Closing is always the ____ step in executing a real estate transaction.

15 / 150

Most real estate sales contracts include contingency clauses, making them what?

16 / 150

Which action is legal as a real estate agent? (Antitrust Laws)

17 / 150

What is the difference between the market value of your home, and the amount you owe the lender who holds the mortgage?

18 / 150

A parcel of real property that has an easement over another piece of property is best described as:

19 / 150

Which of the following laws prohibits discrimination in the buying, selling, renting or financing of housing. These laws prohibit discrimination based on race, religion, color, sex, disability, children, nationality and more.

20 / 150

A parcel of land that is subject to an easement is best described as:

21 / 150

It is the _____ duty to explain the purchase agreement and to not mislead any parties.

22 / 150

Holding earnest money without depositing it, is what?

23 / 150

When a furnishing company creates materials for the construction of a house and is subsequently not paid, it may file a(n):

24 / 150

In California, the concept that a husband and wife are equal partners, and that any property acquired is considered to be obtained by mutual effort, is called

25 / 150

On which of the following dates do California real property taxes become a lien on the subject property?

26 / 150

What is a legally enforceable obligation that arises from one or more parties due to the parties actions, conduct, or circumstances?

27 / 150

Joint tenants with a right of survivorship means

28 / 150

A bilateral contract is one in which

29 / 150

The California Act that prohibits discrimination by all California businesses is the:

30 / 150

The Latin phrase ad valorem comes up often when talking about property taxes. What does ad valorem mean?

31 / 150

What best describes an agency relationship where an agent has legal authority to act on behalf of the principal?

32 / 150

Which of the following is an example of Economic Obsolescence?

33 / 150

Who is most likely to win a suit for specific performance?

34 / 150

Which of the following consumers would most likely qualify and be able to derive the most benefit from refinancing their mortgage?

35 / 150

Which of the following statements does NOT correctly describe a fiduciary?

36 / 150

A man named Troy lives in California, but owns property across the U.S. He owns property in cities like Pittsburgh, Philadelphia, and D.C. Troy decides he wants to sell his property in D.C. Instead of traveling all the way to D.C. to complete all the paperwork, he calls up his buddy Tony. Troy authorizes Tony, who lives in D.C., to sell his property for him. Troy gives Tony a/an:

37 / 150

Johnny is purchasing a house and does not want to purchase all of the furniture that is being left behind. He signs the contract on Tuesday, and on Thursday changes his mind about the furniture. He calls his agent, and they add the furniture to the contract. What is this an example of?

38 / 150

In the case of a standard tax lien who gets paid first?

39 / 150

Which of the following would MOST likely be considered a fixture?

40 / 150

Andrew created a life estate on his property for his sister Gabby. Under the terms of the deed, ownership of the property will last until

41 / 150

Puffing is a term referring to

42 / 150

What is the difference between void and voidable contracts? Choose the best answer.

43 / 150

The execution date or date executed is the day a contract is signed. The effective date is what? Choose the best answer.

44 / 150

An individual seeking to be excused from the requirements of a zoning ordinance needs a

45 / 150

What is the difference between commingling and conversion in real estate?

46 / 150

A property owner enters into a listing agreement with an agent. The seller obtains a buyer for the house, but the agent receives a commission. The listing agreement between the agent and the property owner was probably

47 / 150

An example of economic obsolescence in real estate is

48 / 150

What form of legal land description consists of principal meridian lines that cover most states in the US, running north to south and baselines running east to west?

49 / 150

What is the total quantity that buyers are willing to buy at a given time at certain prices?

50 / 150

What form of legal land description uses a plat map?

51 / 150

In an offer to purchase property, the buyer states, "If we cannot obtain a mortgage loan for 4.5 percent or less, we will not purchase the property and expect the earnest money to be refunded in full." This is an example of what?

52 / 150

The Civil Rights Act of 1866 prohibits discrimination in real estate based on:

53 / 150

California Real Estate Law describes several prohibited practices (Commissioner’s Regulation 2780). Which of the following are NOT prohibited practices listed in the regulation?

54 / 150

Altering a written document by improperly signing someone else's name to an instrument is what?

55 / 150

Which of the following statements about water rights is true? Choose the best answer.

56 / 150

The period over which a property may be profitably utilized is called its:

57 / 150

Unlike apartments, which are leased by their tenants, condominium units are owned outright. A condominium is often shortened to

58 / 150

In California, redlining is prohibited by which state specific law?

59 / 150

What is a written supplement or amendment to an existing will such as one affecting the transfer of real estate upon death?

60 / 150

A married couple intends to purchase property, but only if they can qualify for a mortgage loan at a reasonable rate. The qualification is

61 / 150

A legal process in which a lender attempts to recover the balance of a loan from a borrower who has stopped making payments to the lender by forcing the sale of the asset:

62 / 150

According to the Do Not Call list and Established Business Relationship (EBR) Rules, a real estate professional may contact a past client for relationship building purposes when?

63 / 150

Mr. Jay lives on a property right next to a bridge. The state wants to widen the bridge due to the higher amounts of traffic reported. The state needs the space on either side of the bridge to widen the road. The government seizes Mr. Johnson’s property and gives him $150,000 for it. This government's right to take over privately-owned real for public use is an example of:

64 / 150

What is the act of mixing the client’s funds with the broker’s own funds? This can be both legal and illegal depending on the state and circumstance.

65 / 150

Which of the following statements is TRUE about trusts and trustees?

66 / 150

What is the general technique of determining three-dimensional positions of points and the distances and angles between them?

67 / 150

A lender's refusal to lend money to potential homeowners attempting to purchase property located in predominantly minority neighborhoods is

68 / 150

Which of the following would NOT apply to the income approach in the valuation process?

69 / 150

Usually, the appraiser is hired by the:

70 / 150

If a minor signs a contract to buy real estate, the resulting contract is legally what?

71 / 150

Which of the following would be classified as “consideration” in a real estate contract?

72 / 150

The increase of value with the passage of time is best described as:

73 / 150

State laws differ on whether a buyer is entitled to know about:

74 / 150

By which of the following can you not lose title to your property involuntarily?

75 / 150

Which type of property would an appraisal use a depth table to estimate the property value?

76 / 150

A tenant rented an apartment, signing a 12-month lease. After the lease expired, the tenant paid 1 month's rent and got a receipt. What kind of leasehold does the tenant have?

77 / 150

What hazardous substance is an odorless, colorless gas that can cause death within hours of inhalation?

78 / 150

A property owner enters into a listing agreement with an agent. Another agent obtains a buyer for the house, and the first agent does not receive a commission. The listing agreement between the first agent and the property owner was probably

79 / 150

If a buyer refuses to go ahead with a purchase of property which he has signed a contract, what usually happens to the earnest money?

80 / 150

Which of the following would be an example of a deed restriction?

81 / 150

A senior housing development may refuse to rent to families if what?

82 / 150

Which of the following best describes the term "emblements?"

83 / 150

Which of the following would not be considered real property?

84 / 150

Which of the following contracts would best be described as a contract in which only one party makes a promise to perform an action?

85 / 150

Acceleration is a term associated with which type of document?

86 / 150

Fees that the buyer pays to close the deal are called:

87 / 150

When real estate agents alert the members of a neighborhood that it is "changing" and that they should sell their property. This is an example of what?

88 / 150

What is the maximum paid out (per judgment) from the California Consumer Recovery Account?

89 / 150

How many miles does a township contain?

90 / 150

Which of the following consumers would most likely qualify and be able to derive the most benefit from a reverse mortgage?

91 / 150

What best describes an agent hired to perform a specific duty?

92 / 150

The fact that land has a number of important uses is the basis for what essential element of value?

93 / 150

The fact there is a limited amount of land on earth represents what essential element of value?

94 / 150

A buyer wants to be represented by several different agents while looking at various properties. This is an example of what?

95 / 150

Justin takes out a mortgage loan that requires monthly payments of $650.50 for 25 years and a final payment of $30,000. What type of loan is this?

96 / 150

While the economy is experiencing inflation, interest rates typically:

97 / 150

What is a one-of-a-kind contract that is solely between the seller and the buyer. In this arrangement, the seller gives the buyer the option to purchase property at a given price for a set period?

98 / 150

How many hours of continuing education are required for California real estate salesperson's and brokers?

99 / 150

Complete the following statement. The rescission of a contract occurs when:

100 / 150

A seller is asked whether any known plumbing defects exist on her property. She replies that to the best of her knowledge there are no plumbing defects. However, unknown to her the pipes are corroded and due for replacement. Is the seller in violation of her disclosure responsibilities?

101 / 150

In a typical real estate market, if the demand for commercial office space declines and the supply of office space also declines at the same ratio, market rent per square foot should:

102 / 150

Brokerages and real estate agents across America connect using a

103 / 150

Tony and Taylor are two unmarried individuals who own property with equal interests and a right to survivorship. Which of the following forms of ownership would Tony and Taylor most likely have?

104 / 150

Which of the following is a physical characteristic of real estate?

105 / 150

Which of the following is a common example of real estate police power?

106 / 150

What is the highest form of real estate ownership that is recognized by law, in which the owner can enjoy the property to its fullest extent?

107 / 150

In real estate, alienation is best described as:

108 / 150

A salesperson working for Trinity Real Estate LLC has moved to Lotus Realty. What happens to the listings the salesperson took at Trinity Real Estate LLC?

109 / 150

When you buy real property, you gain several different kinds of rights. One of which are rights called "surface rights." What are surface rights?

110 / 150

What is Fannie Mae’s primary responsibility?

111 / 150

Under what situation, if any, may a lender consider age when making a lending decision?

112 / 150

In the appraisal of a building constructed in the 1930s, the cost approach would be the least accurate method because of difficulties in

113 / 150

Which of the following is an example of Real Property?

114 / 150

If a seller rejects a written offer made by a buyer, changes the terms of the offer, and has the new offer delivered to the buyer, it is considered what?

115 / 150

Local zoning ordinances often regulate all of the following except

116 / 150

In most cases, a tenant in an apartment holds:

117 / 150

Title III of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) impacts which type of property?

118 / 150

If a leased premises becomes uninhabitable deliberately in an attempt to remove the tenant. What is this action called?

119 / 150

Which of the following fits the description? "A mortgage loan available for military service members, veterans, and eligible surviving spouses; which often comes with better terms than a traditional mortgage."

120 / 150

An agent took a listing and later discovered that her client had previously been declared incompetent by the court. The listing is now

121 / 150

What determines who pays for what and how much at closing?

122 / 150

According to the Do Not Call list and Established Business Relationship (EBR) Rules, how many months does a real estate professional have to call an expired listing client to solicit new business (referral)?

123 / 150

A collection of federal and state government laws that regulate the conduct and organization of business corporations, normally to promote fair competition for the benefit of consumers.

124 / 150

Enacted in 1974, which of the following is a regulation that aims to give all legal individuals an equal opportunity to apply for loans?

125 / 150

Any loss in the value of a property over time from any cause.

126 / 150

Even after an offer has been accepted and signed (by all parties), the buyer and seller may still choose to sign mutual release papers rather than proceed to closing. Which of the following circumstances would NOT give either party a justifiable reason to insist on a mutual release?

127 / 150

The real estate contract clause that almost always begins with the words "to have and to hold."

128 / 150

The owner of a condominium has the use of many facilities there, including a pool. Under the typical condominium arrangement, the facilities are owned by

129 / 150

Economic life is the length of time during which a piece of property may be put to profitable use. Economic life is usually:

130 / 150

Who or what determines the amount of an earnest money deposit?

131 / 150

Richard is renting property from Becky. Richard is on a month to month lease agreement. This past month he did not pay his rent. Richard's interest would be classified as:

132 / 150

This act, allowed greater control for the EPA to control contaminant levels, take legal action against public water auth. for violations, and require periodic water testing and notification to state authority and homeowners if contaminated.

133 / 150

In a single agency relationship a real estate broker represents who?

134 / 150

Which of the following real estate contracts is a service contract?

135 / 150

A lease agreement where the tenant has the right to buy the property within a specified period of time is called what?

136 / 150

Under the terms in a mortgage, the lender must be paid in full if the property is sold to another person. This is known as the

137 / 150

Steve (a real estate agent of five years) was at his local coffee shop with some agents from other offices. The subject of commissions came up, and agents began to compare their commission rates. What should Steve do?

138 / 150

Which of the following would NOT be covered under a builder's new home warranty?

139 / 150

To whom does an agent always owe their fiduciary responsibility?

140 / 150

Which of the following is NOT a main element of a valid real estate contract?

141 / 150

What specific formula would be used to estimate the value of a property using the income approach?

142 / 150

What is it called when parties have fully performed the terms of a contract?

143 / 150

Which of the following real estate contract clauses is typically seen in blanket mortgages and allows for the freeing of all or part of a property from a claim through a proportional or full amount of the mortgage being paid off?

144 / 150

An offer to purchase real estate becomes a contract when it is signed by the

145 / 150

Which of the following fiduciary duties continues after a listing agreement expires?

146 / 150

A seller made a counteroffer and gave three days for acceptance. The very next day, the seller receives a better offer, which they want to accept. What is the first step the seller should make?

147 / 150

In common law, a deed is any legal instrument in writing which passes, affirms or confirms an interest, right, or property and that is signed, attested, delivered, and in some jurisdictions, sealed. It is commonly associated with transferring title to property. Within deeds, covenants are:

148 / 150

CRV stands for Certificate of Reasonable Value and is issued by who?

149 / 150

Most states, including California have abolished which of the following?

150 / 150

Which of the following is a private land-use control?

Your score is

Hello, welcome to our California Real Estate Practice Exam.

In California, there are 150 questions on the exam. Many states have a national portion and a state portion, but California has one section combining both for a total of 150 questions. 

The two most effective study tools for the state exam are practice exams and learning the state-specific license laws. 

Our state-specific practice exam is a fantastic tool to help you grasp your state's real estate topics. It works just like the national practice exam and is updated annually. Usually, using the state practice exam is enough for students to grasp the concepts. However, if you want more, the single most important resource out there is the laws they base the questions on. 

If you haven't looked at your state's Real Estate Statutes or Regulations, it's strongly recommended.

The test makers take snippets of laws applicable to your state and use them for the questions. We use the actual state laws to create our questions, which is why some of the questions may look familiar to you. Some websites and prep providers do not, and that's the secret. You need to know your state's laws. 

Furthermore, It would be best if you read through your laws at least once, and that's the greatest advice we can give you. Trust us, we know it can be very time-consuming, but reading through each one of these will provide you with precisely the information you need to pass. 

Best of luck, reach out if you need anything,

Real Estate License Wizard Team

California Real Estate Statutes and Regulations

Here is our list of recommended Real Estate Statutes and Regulations you need to know:

California Law Home Page: https://dre.ca.gov/Publications/RealEstateLaw.html

NOTE: State websites update semi-frequently and sometimes their website URLs change. If any of the links posted below do not work, please reach out and we will update the links promptly. Thank you.


California Real Estate Exam FAQ’s

Have a question about the real estate exam? Find the answers to all your real estate license questions here:

What are California’s Real Estate License Requirements?

Real estate license requirements vary from state to state. Here are California’s requirements:

  • Must be 18 years or older.
  • Must complete a background check.
  • Must complete required state approved pre-licensing courses (135 credit hours).
  • Estimated cost of total fees and license: $305

How Hard is the California Real Estate Exam?

The real estate exam is a rigorous and challenging test that weeds out those who are not committed to being skilled agents. To pass the exam in California, you’ll need to get a score of at least 70%. With a total of 150 questions, that means the score to pass is 105.

How Many Questions Can You Miss on the California Real Estate Exam?

In California, you can miss 45 questions and still pass the real estate exam.

How Many Times Can You Take the California Real Estate Exam?

There are no limits to the number of times you can take your real estate exam, but it must be passed within two years after passing through the 135-hour pre-licensing course.


What Is on the California Real Estate Exam?

The 150 multiple-choice questions on the salesperson examination cover a variety of topics that are relevant to California real estate license law. Here is what topics you are expected to know:

California General Exam Topics:

  1. Property Ownership
  2. Land Use Controls and Regulations
  3. Valuation and Market Analysis
  4. Financing
  5. General Principles of Agency
  6. Property Disclosures
  7. Contracts
  8. Leasing and Property Management
  9. Transfer of Title
  10. Practice of Real Estate

California State Exam Topics:

  1. California State License Law
  2. California Department of Real Estate (DRE) Purpose and Guidelines
  3. California Real Estate Prohibited Practices
  4. Administrative Procedure Act
  5. Unruh Civil Rights Act
  6. Holden Act

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